[[ Download E-pub ]] å Garten der Menschheit: Bumi Manusia. Ein Roman aus Indonesien. ë eBook or Kindle ePUB free

[[ Download E-pub ]] ⛈ Garten der Menschheit: Bumi Manusia. Ein Roman aus Indonesien. Ø Minke, ein adeliger Javaner, beginnt um die Jahrhundertwende unter dem Einfluss europ ischen Geistes das Wertesystem seines Volkes und seinen Lebensweg zu hinterfragen Er begegnet Nyai Ontosoroh, einer javanischen Frau, die als Konkubine an den holl ndischen Herman Mellema verkauft und gesellschaftlich verachtet, wegen ihrer ungew hnlichen Bildung und ihres erfolgreichen Gesch ftssinns aber gleicherma en bewundert wird Minke verliebt sich in ihre Tochter Annelies und wird nun in seinen eigenen Reihen wegen seines unmoralischen Umgangs verachtet und verfolgt Ohnm chtig erlebt er die Wirkungen des wei en Gesetzes Minke is a young Javanese student of great intelligence and ambition Living equally among the colonists and colonized of th century Java, he battles against the confines of colonial strictures It is his love for Annelies that enables him to find the strength to embrace his world First, thanks to Sara Maria and Manu hard as this is for me to do, a debt is a debt for encouraging me to read the Buru Qurtet These four books and Max Havelaar made for superb summer reading All the book covers say that Toer is Asia s leading candidate for the Nobel Prize I have no doubts about that This not because he is a great stylist of prose at least not in the English translation , nor because he uncovers new ground in form Rather, I think it is Toer s ambition and vast knowled First, thanks to Sara Maria and Manu hard as this is for me to do, a debt is a debt for encouraging me to read the Buru Qurtet These four books and Max Havelaar made for superb summer reading All the book covers say that Toer is Asia s leading candidate for the Nobel Prize I have no doubts about that This not because he is a great stylist of prose at least not in the English translation , nor because he uncovers new ground in form Rather, I think it is Toer s ambition and vast knowledge that is astounding Somewhere in the back of my mind, I recall the statement that Benedict Anderson, he of Imagined Communities fame, was influenced by Toer I can see that In the first three books, Toer is developing a theory of colonial resistance and colonial consciousness He also formulates a theory of nationalism All this is done within dramatic plots and very engaging characters I continue to believe that some of the best third world theorizing is done through fiction.The strength and weakness of the four novels is the vast amount of detail that Toer offers You will learnabout Dutch Indonesia than you ever thought was possible These details had the effect of completely transporting into a different time and place I kept thinking to myself Why is it that I know next to nothing about Southeast Asia s struggle with the Dutch colonialism Reading these books was like looking out at your back yard and realizing that, in it, there is a trail that leads to whole another dimension The fourth novel, House of Glass was rather unsettling for me First the point of view shifts The first three books are written from the point of view of Minke a gifted native who internalizes the Dutch and Western norms of his white education and who comes to see the impossibility of realizing the values of equality and justice within the colonial setting House of Glass shifts the point of view to another native but one who is a collaborationist In some ways this novel reminds me a bit of the first essay in Memmi s colonizer and the colonized Second, it is not difficult to identify with the tragedy that befalls Minke since his character has integrity But the collaborationist in House of Glass, while intelligent, falls further and further into self hatred I found the fourth book emotionally difficult.All in all an enthralling experience I am very impressed with Toer s historical and theoretical grasp, although I wished he had donework on the daily operations of the sugar factories that ruled Indonesia If this is a great work of literature, Its greatness eluded me But I enjoyed the book, learning a bit of Indonesian history and imagining what life would ve been like for Natives under Dutch colonial rule. This Earth of Mankind is the first novel of the Buru Quartet, so called because it was composed when Pramoedya Ananta Toer was a political prisoner on Buru Island in the 60s I say composed rather than written because the first version of it was told orally to his fellow prisoners He had apparently just about finished the research and planning when he was arrested and all his notes and books were destroyed.Which is an immediately intriguing back story, although the relationship between the This Earth of Mankind is the first novel of the Buru Quartet, so called because it was composed when Pramoedya Ananta Toer was a political prisoner on Buru Island in the 60s I say composed rather than written because the first version of it was told orally to his fellow prisoners He had apparently just about finished the research and planning when he was arrested and all his notes and books were destroyed.Which is an immediately intriguing back story, although the relationship between the novel and his imprisonment is not particularly direct, in that Pramoedya was imprisoned by Suharto s military dictatorship as part of an anti Communist purge, whereas the novel is set at the very end of the C19th 1898, in fact in a Java which is part of the Dutch East Indies.Still, it is, among other things, a clearly political novel it deals with the political awakening of a young man growing up in a society structured as a formal racial hierarchy, with Natives at the bottom, Pures i.e Europeans at the top, and a layer of Indos Indo European, mixed race stuck in the middle, operating as a local elite.The hero of the novel is a Native, but an unusually privileged one because of the importance of his family, he is the only Native at an elite high school for Europeans and Indos So he s awkwardly positioned in between worlds, brought up to believe that his European education makes him better than other Natives But of course when he comes into conflict with the establishment, he discovers how fragile his privilege is, and how much he is dependent on the goodwill of the colonial powers.I enjoyed it it reminded me rather of one of those European novels from between the world wars, with a whiff of melodrama, and characters having long wordy conversations about ideas Slightly old fashioned, but in a good way I m certainly tempted to pick up the second in the quartet This Earth of Mankind is my book from Indonesia for the Read The World challenge it feels very weird to keep capitalising Native like that, but I m following the practice of the novel, or the translation, which capitalises the racial terms to emphasise their formal legal status Pretty awful as a work of literary fiction or else a truly terrible translation of a masterpiece , but interesting as an anthropological document of colonial era Java.